Swarna Gowri Vrata Festival
Gowri festival is one of the Hindu festival dedicated to Goddess Parvati who is also called as Gowri. The Gowri festival is very famous and important in South India, viz., Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu and this festival are celebrated a day before Ganesh Chaturthi.
According to Hindu scriptures, Gowri is a very fair complexion incarnation of Goddess Parvati. This day married women observe Swarna Gowri Vrath seek blessings of Goddess Gowri for a happy married life.
The story goes that on this day Goddess Gowri comes to devotees homes like a married woman visits her parent's house. The next day, her son Lord Ganesha comes to take her back to Mount Kailash.
This festival is also known as Hartalika Teej in Maharashtra and other North India districts.
As we all know that Shravan month is considered to be very sacred to seek the blessings of Lord Shiva and his consort Goddess Gowri by observing fasting dedicated to them. Like Somvar vrat and Mangala gowri vrat are observed during Shravan month.
Mangala Gowri vrat is observed by married women on each Tuesday during Shravan month. Married women observe Mangala Gowri Puja in the first five years of their marriage.
The Pooja Vidhan or rituals vary from region to region. The Pooja is observed with vegetarian food only.
Mangala Gowri Pooja ritual or Vidhan:
How to perform the Mangala Gowri Pooja. As per Hindu rituals what matters more is devotion and we should not ponder too much over the performance of the rituals. A simple prayer with the lighting of lamp and offering of fruits and sweets is sufficient.
Things Required for the Puja
• An image or idol of Goddess Gowri (Goddess Parvati) or five pyramid shapes made from turmeric powder.
• Kalash or Kalasha
• Cloth folded like a pyramid
• Cotton or flower garland
• Coconut broken into two halves
• Red flowers
• Variety of fruits
House and the puja room or area is cleaned without any tint of dust or dirt.
House or the puja area is decorated with mango leaves and flowers
Rice is spread on a plate or tray.
The Kalasha pot is kept on the rice bed.
The Kalash is half-filled with water.
The inside neck of the Kalasha pot is decorated with betel leaves, usually five in number.
A silver glass filled with unhusked wheat is placed on the right of the Kalasha.
A cloth folded like a pyramid (one or more) is placed at the back of kalasha.
A coconut is broken and one half each is placed on both sides of the kalasha.
The Kalash tray can be filled with turmeric, kumkum, sandalwood and other Pooja items.
Betel nuts and betel leaves (8 in number) are placed on the tray.
A large piece of jaggery (the four corner one) is kept in front of the kalasha.
Place the five pyramid shape made from turmeric powder on the four corners of the jaggery and one in centre.
If there is no jiggery any need to worry about it. You can just keep an idol or picture of Goddess Gouri
Decorate the turmeric pyramid or idol or picture of Goddess Gowri with turmeric, kumkum and flowers.
You can also put a garland made from cotton thread or flowers on the pyramid or idol.
The Puja Begins
Light the lamps
Pray to the deity by offering flowers and by lighting incense.
Offer fruits or the prasadam cooked.
Place some flowers on the prasadam or fruits and on the deity
Pray or meditate for a few minutes – this includes asking for a boon to the deity during the Mangala Gowri Puja.
After the Pooja, share the prasadam and fruitsÂ with family members and friends